Neighborhood Spotlight: Capitol Hill

Located in the heart of the District, Capitol Hill is the oldest and largest historic neighborhood in the Nation’s Capital. It stretches to the east of the Capitol Building, bordered by the Anacostia River, the H Street corridor, and the Navy Yard. Residents and visitors alike are treated to a myriad of shops, bars, restaurants, coffee shops, and parks as well as historic Eastern Market.

When creating the master layout for Washington, D.C., Pierre L’Enfant placed the Capitol Building on a high point with a commanding view of the Potomac River. Based on his vision, Capitol Hill became the nexus of the city’s quadrant system from which diagonal avenues (named after the states) radiated and cut across a grid street system. Wide boulevards, allowing for easy transportation across town, offered views of important buildings and common squares from great distances. In 1976, the Capitol Hill Historic District was placed on the National Register of Historic Places.

Residents of the neighborhood can choose from a variety of housing options, most notably row houses reflecting various styles (including Federal and Queen Anne) and time periods. In the 1990s, gentrification of the District lead to the destruction of non-historic buildings and the new construction of buildings compliant with height limits and other restrictions.

This neighborhood is easily accessible by a variety of transportation choices. The region’s largest train station, Union Station (serviced by Amtrak, MARC, VRE, and Metro) is within walking distance of the neighborhood. In addition to Union Station, Capitol South and Federal Center Metro stops are nearby. The Metrobus system has multiple routes that crisscross the neighborhood, including two Circulator routes. Walking and biking are very popular transportation choices as well.

STATS (by niche)

  • Population: 10,370
  • Homeowners: 48%
  • Age 25-34: 31%
  • Median Household Income: $117,350
  • Master Degree +: 42%
  • Public Schools: 22